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  • Tabernacle Sanctuary And Service


    Exodus 25-31

    Tabernacle Sanctuary & Service

    …Let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.   EX 25:8

    I. Sanctuary and Furnishings – 25:1-27:21

    • Materials – 25:1-9
    • Ark – 25:10-22
    • Table – 25:23-30
    • Lampstand – 25:31-40
    • Tabernacle – 26:1-37
    • Great Altar – 27:1-8
    • Courtyard – 27:9-19
    • Oil for a Constant Light – 27:20-21

    II. Priesthood – 28:1-29-40:43

    • Priestly Family – 28:1-4
    • Ephod – 28:5-14
    • Breastpiece of Judgment – 28:15-30
    • Robe of the Ephod – 28:31-35
    • Sacred Emblem – 28:36-39
    • Vestments for Other Priests – 28:40-43

    III. Consecration of Priests – 29:1-37

    • Investiture of Garments – 29:4-9
    • Ritual Sacrifice – 29:10-25
    • Priestly Tradition – 29:26-37

    IV. Worship Services – 29:38-31:18

    • Daily Offering – 29:38-42
    • Divine Presence – 29:43-46
    • Altar of Incense – 30:1-10
    • Offering for Ransom of Souls – 30:11-16
    • Washing of Hands and Feet – 30:17-21
    • Oils and Inscense – 30:22-38
    • Ministry of the Artisans – 31:1-11
    • Sabbath Ordinance – 31:12-18

    V. “…Two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.” 31:18b


    Topical References
    from the New Nave’s Topical Bible

    TABERNACLE.

    • One existed before Moses received the pattern authorized on Mount Sinai, Ex. 33:7-11.
    • The one instituted by Moses was called Sanctuary, Ex. 25:8;
    • Tabernacle, Ex. 27:21; 33:7; 2 Chr. 5:5;
    • of Testimony, Ex. 38:21; Num. 1:50; 17:7,8; 2 Chr. 24:6;
    • Temple of the Lord, 1 Sam. 1:9; 3:3;
    • House of the Lord, Josh. 6:24.
    • Pattern of, revealed to Moses, Ex. 25:9; 26:30; 39:32,42,43;
    • Acts 7:44; Heb. 8:5.
    • Materials for, voluntarily offered, Ex. 25:1-8; 35:4-29; 36:3-7.
    • Value of the substance contributed for, Ex. 38:24-31.
    • Workmen who constructed it were inspired, Ex. 31:1-11; 35:30-35.
    • Description of: Frame, Ex. 26:15-37; 36:20-38.
    • Outer covering, Ex. 25:5; 26:7-14; 36:14-19.
    • Second covering, Ex. 25:5; 26:14; 35:7,23; 36:19; 39:34.
    • Curtains of, Ex. 26:1-14,31-37; 27:9-16; 35:15,17; 36:8-19,35,37;
    • Court of, Ex. 27:9-17; 38:9-16,18; 40:8,33.
    • Holy place of, Ex. 26:31-37; 40:22-26; Heb. 9:2-6,8.
    • The most holy place, Ex. 26:33-35; 40:20,21; Heb. 9:3-5,7,8.
    • Furniture of, Ex. 25:10-40; 27:1-8,19; 37; 38:1-8.
    • Completed, Ex. 39:32.
    • Dedicated, Num. 7.
    • Sanctified, Ex. 29:43; 40:9-16; Num. 7:1.
    • Anointed with holy oil, Ex. 30:25,26; Lev. 8:10; Num. 7:1.
    • Sprinkled with blood, Lev. 16:15-20; Heb. 9:21,23.
    • Filled with the cloud of glory, Ex. 40:34-38.
    • How prepared for removal during the journeyings of the Israelites, Num. 1:51; 4:5-15.
    • How and by whom carried, Num. 4:5-33; 7:6-9.
    • Strangers forbidden to enter, Num. 1:51.
    • Defilement of, punished, Lev. 15:31; Num. 19:13,20; Ezek. 5:11; 23:38.
    • Israelites worship at, Num. 10:3; 16:19,42,43; 20:6; 25:6; 1 Sam. 2:22; Psa. 27:4.
    • Offerings brought to, Lev. 17:4; Num. 31:54; Deut. 12:5,6,11-14.
    • Causes tried at, Deut. 12:5,6,11-14.
    • Tribes encamped around, while in the wilderness, Num. 2.
    • All males required to appear before, three times each year, Ex. 23:17.
    • Tabernacle tax, Ex. 30:11-16.
    • Carried in front of the children of Israel in the line of march, Num. 10:33-36; Josh. 3:3-6.
    • The Lord reveals himself at, Lev. 1:1; Num. 1:1; 7:89; 12:4-10; Deut. 31:14,15.
    • Pitched
      • at Gilgal, Josh. 4:18,19;
      • at Shiloh, Josh. 18:1; 19:51; Judg. 18:31; 20:18,26,27; 21:19; 1 Sam. 2:14; 4:3,4; Jer. 7:12,14;
      • at Nob, 1 Sam. 21:1-6;
      • at Gibeon, 1 Chr. 21:29.
      • Renewed by David, and pitched on Mount Zion, 1 Chr. 15:1; 16:1,2; 2 Chr. 1:4.
    • Solomon offers sacrifice at, 2 Chr. 1:3-6.
    • Brought to the temple by Solomon, 2 Chr. 5:5, with 1 Kin. 8:1,4,5.
    • Symbol of spiritual things, Psa. 15:1; Heb. 8:2,5; 9:1-12,24. .

    Figurative Temple:

    • Of the body of Jesus, Matt. 26:61; 27:40; John 2:19.
    • Of the indwelling of God, 1 Cor. 3:16,17; 2 Cor. 6:16.
    • Of the Church, Eph. 2:21; 2 Thess. 2:4; Rev. 3:12.
    • Of the kingdom of Christ, Rev. 11; 14:15,17.
    • Of Christ, the head of the Church, sending forth the forces of righteousness against the powers of evil, Rev. 15:5-8; 16:1-17.

    BODY,

    • called House, 2 Cor. 5:1;
    • House of Clay, Job 4:19;
    • The Temple of God, 1 Cor. 3:16; 6:15,19.
    • Corruptible, Job 17:14; 1 Cor. 15:53,54.
    • Resurrection of, 1 Cor. 15:19-54.

    Priests

    • Before Moses:
      • Melchizedek, Gen. 14:18; Heb. 5:6,10,11; 6:20; 7:1-21.
      • Jethro, Ex. 2:16.
      • Priests in Israel before the giving of the law, Ex. 19:22,24.
      • Called angel, Eccl. 5:6.
    • Mosaic: Ex. 28:1-4; 29:9,44; Num. 3:10; 18:7; 1 Chr. 23:13.
      • Hereditary descent of office, Ex. 27:21; 28:43; 29:9.
      • Consecration of, Ex. 29:1-9,19-35; 40:12-16; Lev. 6:20-23; 8:6-35; Heb. 7:21. Is holy, Lev. 21:6,7; 22:9,16.
      • Washings of, Ex. 40:30-32; Lev. 16:24;
      • Must be without blemish, Lev. 21:17-23.
      • Vestments of, Ex. 28:2-43; 39:1-29; Lev. 6:10,11; 8:13; Ezek. 44:17-19.
      • Put on vestments in temple, Ezek. 42:14; 44:19.
      • Atonement for, Lev. 16:6,24; Ezek. 44:27.
      • Defilement and purification of, Ezek. 44:25,26.
      • Marriage of, Lev. 21:7-15; Ezek. 44:22.
      • Chambers for, in temple, Ezek. 40:45,46.
      • Exempt from tax, Ezra 7:24.
      • Armed and organized for war at the time of the defections from Saul, 1 Chr. 12:27,28.
      • Beard and hair of, Ezek. 44:20.
      • Twenty-four courses of, 1 Chr. 24:1-19; 28:13,21; 2 Chr. 8:14; 31:2; 35:4,5; Ezra 2:36-39; Neh. 13:30.
      • Chosen by lot, Luke 1:8,9,23.
      • Usurpations of office of, Num. 3:10; 16; 18:7; 2 Chr. 26:18.
      • Priests were appointed by Jeroboam who were not of the sons of Levi, 1 Kin. 12:31; 13:33.
    • Figurative:
      • Ex. 19:6; Isa. 61:6;
      • 1 Pet. 2:9;
      • Rev. 1:6; 5:10; 20:6.

    SANCTUARY, the holy of holies.

    • In the tabernacle, Heb. 9:2.
    • Divine dwelling place, Ex. 25:8.
    • Reverence for, Lev. 19:30; 26:2.
    • In charge of high priest, Ex. 27:21; Lev. 24:3; Num. 18:5.
    • The holy place in the temple, Lam. 2:7,20; Ezek. 42:20.

    ARK. In the Tabernacle.

    • Called Ark of the Covenant, Num. 10:33; Deut. 31:26; Josh. 4:7; 1 Sam. 4:3; 2 Sam. 15:24; 1 Chr. 15:25; 17:1; Jer. 3:16; Heb. 9:4;
    • of the Testimony, Ex. 30:6; of the Lord, Josh. 4:11; 1 Sam. 4:6; 6:1; 2 Sam. 6:9; 1 Kin. 8:4; of God, 1 Sam. 3:3; 4:11,17,22; 6:3; 14:18; 2 Sam. 6:7; 7:2; 15:25; 1 Chr. 13:12; 15:1,2,15,24; 16:1;
    • of God’s Strength, 2 Chr. 6:41.
    • Sanctification of, Ex. 30:26.
    • Ceremonies connected with, on the day of atonement, Lev. 16:13-15. Holy, 2 Chr. 8:11; 35:3.
    • An oracle of God, Num. 10:33; 14:44; Josh. 7:6-15; Judg. 20:27,28; 1 Sam. 4:3,4,7; 1 Chr. 13:3; 1 Chr. 16:4,37; 2 Chr. 6:41; Psa. 132:8.
    • Directions for making, Ex. 25:10-15; 35:12.
    • Construction of, Ex. 37:1-5; Deut. 10:3.
    • Contents of: The law, Ex. 25:16,21; 40:20; Deut. 10:5; 31:26; 1 Kin. 8:9; 2 Chr. 5:10.
    • Aaron’s rod, Num. 17:10; Heb. 9:4.
    • Pot of manna, Ex. 16:33,34; Heb. 9:4. Place of, Ex. 26:33; 40:21; 1 Sam. 3:3; 2 Sam. 7:2; Heb. 9:2-4.
    • How prepared for conveyance, Num. 4:5,6.
    • Carried by Kohathites, Num. 3:30,31; 4:4,15; Deut. 10:8; 1 Chr. 15:2,15.
    • On special occasions carried by priests:
      • Crossing Jordan, Josh. 3:6,14;
      • siege of Jericho, Josh. 6:6.
      • Taken to battle, Josh. 6:6-20; 1 Sam. 4:3-22.
      • Captured by the Philistines, 1 Sam. 4:10,11; Psa. 78:61.
      • Returned by the Philistines, 1 Sam. 6.
      • Remains at the house of Abinadab, 1 Sam. 7:1,2; 2 Sam. 6:4;
      • in the house of Obed-edom, 2 Sam. 6:9-11. Set up in Shiloh, Josh. 18:1; Judg. 20:27,28; 1 Sam. 4:3,4;
      • in Jerusalem, 2 Sam. 6:12-17; 1 Chr. 6:31; 15; 16:1.
      • Removed from Jerusalem by Zadok at the time of Absalom’s revolt, but returned by command of David, 2 Sam. 15:24-29.
      • Transferred to Solomon’s temple, 1 Kin. 8:6-9; 2 Chr. 5:2-9; 35:3.
      • Prophecy concerning, Jer. 3:16.
      • In John’s vision, Rev. 11:19.

    Altar Of Incense:

    • called the Golden Altar, Ex. 39:38;
    • Num. 4:11;
    • Altar of Sweet Incense, Lev. 4:7;
    • Altar Before the Lord, Lev. 16:18.
    • Pattern of, Ex. 30:1-5.
    • Constructed, Ex. 37:25-28.
    • Location of, Ex. 30:6; 40:5,26.
    • A cover made for, of the censers of Korah, Num. 16:36-40.
    • Uses of, Ex. 30:7-10,26,27; 40:27; Lev. 4:7,18; 8:15; 9:9; 16:12,18.
    • How prepared for carrying, Num. 4:4-15.
    • Carried by the Kohathites, Num. 3:27-31.
    • In Solomon’s temple, 1 Kin. 6:19,20; 7:48; 1 Chr. 28:18.
    • Seen in John’s vision, Rev. 8:3; 9:13.

    INCENSE.

    • Formula for compounding, Ex. 30:34,35.
    • Uses of, Ex. 30:36-38; Lev. 16:12; Num. 16:17,40,46; Deut. 33:10.
    • Compounded by Bezaleel, Ex. 37:29; by priests, 1 Chr. 9:30.
    • Offered morning and evening, Ex. 30:7,8; 2 Chr. 13:11;
    • on the golden altar, Ex. 30:1-7; 40:5,27; 2 Chr. 2:4; 32:12;
    • in making atonement, Lev. 16:12,13; Num. 16:46,47; Luke 1:10.
    • Unlawfully offered
      • by Nadab and Abihu, Lev. 10:1,2;
      • Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, Num. 16:16-35;
      • by Uzziah, 2 Chr. 26:16-21.
      • Offered in idolatrous worship, 1 Kin. 12:33; Jer. 41:5; Ezek. 8:11.
    • Presented by the wise men to Jesus, Matt. 2:11
    • Figurative:
      • Of prayer, Psa. 141:2.
      • Of praise, Mal. 1:11.
      • Of an acceptable sacrifice, Eph. 5:2.
      • Symbolical: Of the prayers of saints, Rev. 5:8; 8:3,4.

    Lampstand of the Tabernacle:

    • Made after divine pattern, Ex. 25:31-40; 37:17-24; Num. 8:4.
    • Place of, Ex. 26:35; 40:24,25; Heb. 9:2.
    • Furniture of, Ex. 25:38; 37:23; Num. 4:9,10.
    • Burned every night, Ex. 27:20,21.
    • Trimmed every morning, Ex. 30:7.
    • Carried by Kohathites, Num. 4:4,15.
    • Called The Lamp of God, 1 Sam. 3:3
    • Symbolical:
      • Zech. 4:2,11;
      • Rev. 1:12,13,20; 2:5; 11:4

    .

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    The New Testament Tabernacle
    Selected References for Discussion

    • Hebrews 9:1-14 cf — A greater and more perfect tabernacle
    • I Corinthians 3:9-17 — We are the temple of God
    • John 2:18-21 — Jesus’ body as a temple
    • I Peter 2:1-10 — We are a royal priesthood and spiritual house
    • Revelation 1:4-6 — We are a kingdom of priests
    • Luke 17:20-21 — The kingdom of God is within us
    • Revelation 21:1-6 cf — The tabernacle of God is with us
    • Revelation 11:19 — The Ark of the Covenant seen in heaven
    • Revelation 5:8 — Prayer as incense
    • Revelation 1:20 — Candlesticks representing the churches
    • Matthew 5:14-16 — We are the light of the world

    ©1997 Bill Lawson – Freely copy and distribute without editing

    Chronology of the Book of Exodus The Plan of the Tabernacle

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